When you get into the field of electronics, just learning the theory isn't enough. You have to put it into practice and learn from real-life application. Electronics requires you to work on projects on a regular basis. And to conduct hands-on experiments or even create prototypes, you need to be prepared with the right tools. But there are many tools and gadgets you can use for your electronic projects! In this article, we will review the main ones for you.
Most standard tools are available at your local hardware store or hardware store. Due to changes and further developments, other tools and devices are exclusive and are only offered in a specialist shop. Many electronic components are small, so you need to have proper storage and identification to get started.
First off, you have onewelderit is an absolute necessity. With this you can assemble your components for the circuit you are making. Soldering is a technique of joining metal parts by melting a metal called solder or lead into the spaces between metal components.
A welder supplies heat to melt the solder so that it flows into the gaps between connected components or workpieces. When molten solder hardens, a permanent bond is formed between the parts. It consists of a heated metal tip and an insulated handle. In addition to assembling or joining objects, a welder can also be used in repairs and installations.
You must take special precautions when using this tool as it involves heat and you could injure yourself if you do not use it carefully. You can also destroy some circuit components if you are not careful enough. Always keep safety requirements in mind.
Asoldering stationis the control center of your welder. This allows you to make adjustments to set the desired temperature. The soldering station consists of a controller, soldering iron, holder and desoldering tweezers. These devices are used in electrical engineering and electronics. A soldering station is often required in an electronics lab.
To avoid changing soldering tips frequently and readjusting the soldering temperature, some soldering stations use multiple soldering irons at the same time to make the process faster and more convenient.
Just as elements or components can be soldered together, they can also be desoldered. And this action is called desoldering. It is the removal of solder and parts from a circuit board or PCB. The tools needed in this process are theLotent remover, which are useful for troubleshooting, repair and replacement. Be careful when using this tool to avoid possible damage to the components and even the circuit itself.
You can always use a soldering gun for desoldering. However, there are other tools used to remove solder. They are desoldering tweezers, also called hot tweezers, hot air guns, infrared heaters and desoldering pumps or solder suckers.
Precision screwdriver set
precision screwdriverThey usually come in a set and are mainly used by jewelers. Screwdrivers are tools that can be installed and uninstalled manually or electrically. A typical screwdriver has a handle and a shaft. Some manual screwdrivers have interchangeable tips that can be very useful in making your craft.
There is a wide variety of screwdrivers that you can find at your local hardware store and also online. They can come in different types and sizes. The difference from the normal ones is the precision of each pilot's tips.
It is important to use the correct type and size to avoid possible damage to the bolt or bending of the shaft when tightening. It is therefore best to choose a custom-made tip. If you work with small, complicated devices, this screwdriver set is perfect for the job.
Precision Pliers Set
Just like screwdrivers, there are a variety of pliers that are used for different purposes. They also come in different types and sizes. Pliers are hand tools used to hold things securely. It has claws that will grab any item tightly when you press down on the two handles. Pliers can be used to bend and compress a wide variety of materials.
APrecision Pliers SetIt comes in handy when working in tight spaces. They are essential for cutting, handling or general work with smaller, more complicated or delicate materials. They typically have small, narrow jaws for crushing or crushing sensitive components in circuit boards. Jewelers use them too.
In electronics, you will certainly have to deal with the wiring. Dealing with cables means you have to cut them.wire cutterThey are used for cutting copper, aluminum, steel wires, etc. They can also be supplied with insulated handles to protect you from electric shock when working with cables.
One type of cutting pliers are side cutters. These cutters have intersecting jaws that cut the wires at specific angles, unlike symmetrical cutters. Allows you to cut a string very close to its base. Electricians or technicians often refer to these types of knives as side cutters. Wire cutters are essential when working with electronic projects.
removableStrip insulation from electrical wires to make contact. These portable tools also come in manual and automatic versions. With this tool you can easily strip wires without damaging parts. Using wire strippers will save you time and wire.
When choosing a wire stripper, make sure it has a comfortable grip so you can cleanly strip the insulation from the wires while leaving the actual wire intact.
AHeckkanoneIt's always a question, especially among beginners in electronics. Can I use hot glue when working with circuits? Good yes. Hot glue is a form of thermoplastic glue that is formed on a cylindrical stick that is loaded into the glue gun. Hot glue is an insulating material that can help repair or even protect your circuitry, and dDoes not create stray conduction paths or short circuits.
However, do not use hot glue on thermally sensitive components unless you want to damage them. Also, you should definitely not use this on plastic parts as it can warp or melt due to the heat. You can use hot glue on hard passive components like resistors, ceramic capacitors and chokes. Always use caution when working with heated material. Prevention is better than cure!
Over time, your circuit boards or PCBs can accumulate dust that needs to be cleaned to maintain proper function. Possible ways to clean a circuit board include using baking soda, distilled water, or even compressed air. But the most common is the usageIsopropyl alcoholÖspecialized cleaners. Because of their composition, some contact cleaners evaporate quickly so they leave no residue.
Isopropyl alcohol is a colorless, flammable, strong-smelling chemical compound used primarily for medicinal purposes. This chemical compound makes an excellent PCB cleaner because it evaporates quickly and is inexpensive. It also contains fewer chemicals compared to other PCB cleaners. For safety reasons, it is best to wear gloves and safety glasses if you use them carefully.
One of the special cleaners is an ultrasonic cleaner. This is the fastest and most efficient way to clean your circuit board. Removes flux, dirt, dust and other small particles that have accumulated on the circuit board over time. It also minimizes the wetting current through a pair of contacts. However, a specialty cleaner may be more expensive than isopropyl alcohol. The choice is yours, just make sure they are appropriate PCB or contact cleaners.
shrink tubingIt is a shrinkable plastic made from a variety of thermoplastics. Its applications include the insulation of cables and the protection of conductors, joints and terminals of twisted and solid cables in electrical works. It's also useful for repairing, caulking, and troubleshooting as it allows you to create barriers between cables and corrosive chemicals.
The shrink tubing is available in different colors. Although the colors don't really matter, you can use them to easily identify your cables.
thermal pasteUsed to connect a component to a mechanical heatsink. It is also called thermal paste, thermal paste or thermal paste. Although heatsink paste does not have the thermal conductivity of metals, improving it over air increases thermal response. However, metal-based thermal paste can be both electrically conductive and capacitive; If something gets into the circuit, it can cause malfunction and damage.
Unlike thermal adhesive, thermal paste does not add mechanical strength to the connection between the heat source and heat sink. It is used to improve thermal coupling between different components, e.g. B. to bridge the gap between the CPU (Central Processing Unit) or other components that generate heat.
Rotary Tool (Dremel)
rotating toolsThese are manual power tools with a rotating tip. These tools accept a variety of attachments for different jobs, from grinding to cutting, making them very versatile. Rotary instruments are best for DIY jobs. These are also a staple for woodworking and crafting. Rotary tools use a circular motion that makes them perfect for precision work and softer materials.
Dremel is an American power tool brand best known for its rotary tools. The Dremel concept is based on high speed compared to the high torque of a traditional electric drill. It can drill, grind, sharpen, cut, clean, polish, grind, mill, carve and engrave. Corded and battery powered models are available.
drills and bits
training sessionsThese are power tools used primarily for drilling holes or installing fasteners. Although it varies in speed, power and size, its uses include woodworking, metalworking, machine tool building, construction and utility projects. Hand-operated and cordless battery-operated types are available in the market.
If you use exercises now, you must have themdrill. These come in a variety of sizes and shapes that can create different types of holes in different materials. Drills are fixed in the drill, which allows you to cut any part, usually by rotation. To get the job done quickly, you need to choose the right drill.
ASeeksIt is a mechanical device used to hold an object while working on it. The vise has two parallel jaws, one fixed and one movable, screwed in and out by a screw and a lever. There are many types of presses; Carpentry, engineering machine, vacuum cleaner, pipes and more.
Lathes don't necessarily need to be attached to workbenches; As long as the work surface is stable, a vise can be clamped directly to the surface or to the side. Vices vary in strength, durability, and application. Heavy and medium lathes are commonly used for industrial operations.
helping HandsThey are the nifty tools that hold components together when soldering or assembling projects. It has a magnifying glass, scissors that can hold the parts in place and an adjustable template to use when working manually. Just like the other tools, this will save you time and a lot of hassle, especially for organization.
The use of helping hands, especially when soldering, is very important when working with electronic circuits. When purchasing this tool, make sure it has a strong foundation or support.
a... haveTerraIt's optional but very useful. A magnifying glass is a convex lens used to create a magnified image of an object. They come in handy when it comes to showing tags on components or finding defective solder joints. Therefore, they are usually present in electronic and electrical laboratories.
AMultimeterit is an electronic meter with multiple functions; therefore it is also referred to as a multi-tester. These features typically include the ability to measure voltage, current, and resistance. This measuring tool is essential for troubleshooting due to its ability to measure with a high degree of accuracy. This positive and negative indicator device is a useful tool that helps users from simple testing to troubleshooting to sophisticated diagnostics. Electricians, engineers and even students find it necessary to have a multimeter in their possession. Multimeters are available in both analog and digital versions. They come in a variety of features and prices.
variable power supply
Avariable power supplyIt is important that your circuit works. A battery is an example of a power source. Now when testing and testing, it's best to use a variable power supply that can supply a variety of voltages and currents.
Variable power supplies are always present in electrical or electronics laboratories. It is an advantage to have one.
oscilloscopesThey are used for testing, maintaining and repairing electronic circuits. Oscilloscopes can detect electronic waveforms and digital signals and display them clearly on a monitor. They are the best way to solve any problem in your circuits.
Oscilloscopes can detect sine waves, sawtooth waves, and square waves. The waveform can be analyzed for properties such as amplitude, frequency, rise time, time delay, distortion and others.
signal generatorsThey are electronic devices that generate electronic signals. These generated signals are used as a stimulus for electronic measurements typically used in the design, test, troubleshooting, and repair of electronic or electroacoustic devices.
Signal generators have different types for different purposes and applications. It includes function generators, RF and microwave signal generators, tone generators, arbitrary waveform generators, digital pattern generators, and frequency generators. Most of these are found in electrical and electronics labs.
A function generator is typically electronic test equipment or software used to generate various types of electrical waveforms over a wide range of frequencies. Some of the most common waveforms generated by the function generator are sine, square, triangle, and sawtooth waveforms. These waveforms can be repetitive or one-off.
So there you are! Keep these tools and equipment handy as you begin your own electrical and electronics projects. Feel free to leave a comment below if you have questions about anything!