Wer war Freddie Mercury?
Freddie Mercury was a singer, songwriter and musician whose music topped the British and American charts in the 1970s and 1980s. As the leader of Queen, Mercury was one of the most talented and innovative singers of the rock era. Mercury was born Farrokh Bulsara in Tanzania, studied piano at a boarding school in India and later befriended various musicians at London's Ealing College of Art. Mercury died on November 24, 1991, aged 45, from AIDS-related bronchopneumonia.
Mercury was born Farrokh Bulsara on September 5, 1946 in Zanzibar. Mercury's parents, Bomi and Jer Bulsara, were Parsis, or followers of the Zoroastrian religion, whose ancestors came from Persia. After getting married, Bomi and Jer moved to Zanzibar, Tanzania, where Bomi worked as a clerk for the British government's High Court. The family lived a fairly comfortable life with a nanny and other domestic servants. Mercury's sister Kashmira was born in 1952.
At the age of 8, Mercury's parents sent him to a boarding school in Bombay (now Mumbai), India, where he studied piano and spent his free time with his aunt and grandparents. It wasn't long before the charismatic young man joined his first band, the Hectics. In 1963, Mercury returned to Zanzibar.
After a bloody revolution in the islands in 1964, the family fled to London. Mercury attended Ealing College of Art and befriended a number of musicians.
In 1969, Mercury joined a group called the Ibex as a vocalist. He played with a few other bands before joining his future friends Queen.
teeth and vocal range
Mercury was born with four extra teeth at the back of his mouth, giving him his now-famous jagged smile. In fact, his childhood nickname was Bucky.
Mercury never had his teeth fixed, fearing it would ruin his impressive four-octave vocal range.
Mercury met his eventual bandmates, drummer Roger Taylor and guitarist Brian May, when he moved to London in the 1960s, and bassist John Deacon in 1971.queen, they played their first concert together in June.
READ MORE: Freddie Mercury was part of Brian May and Roger Taylor's entourage before founding Queen
In 1973, Queen released their first album titledqueen. They quickly followed up with their second album,Queen II, in 1974, which they recorded in just over a month. The album was the first taste of the group's signature harmonies and musical styles, including ballads, folk, blues, metal, pop and rock, and featured the single "Seven Seas of Rhye".
However, Queen's music only became popular with their third album,direct heart attackalso published in 1974.
With a sound that has been described as a fusion of hard rock and glam rock, Queen found even greater success with their fourth album the following year.A night at the opera(1975).
Queen's popularity continued to grow in the late 1970s and early 1980s.A day at the races(1976),world News(1978) jThe game(1980). Afterthe jobs(1984), the group's ability to sell albums began to decline, although Queen continued to draw large live crowds around the world.
In addition to his talents as a singer and songwriter, Mercury was a skilled showman. He knew how to entertain and connect with an audience. She liked to wear costumes, often made of skin-tight spandex, and parade around onstage to encourage fans to participate. Mercury is an artist by nature and was also actively involved in creating the artwork for many of the group's albums.
Mercury also lived a luxurious lifestyle. He loved champagne and enjoyed collecting art. He once spent over $400,000 on a hand-painted china set. Always ready for a party, Mercury threw himself into lavish celebrations; On a special birthday he took a group of friends to the island of Ibiza. The occasion was marked by fireworks and flamenco dancing.
In 1989, Mercury retired from public life. He did not promote Queen's upcoming album or tour.show off(1991), and rumors of possible health problems began to circulate.
Before his death, Mercury worked in the studio with Queen. This effort was launched in 1995made in heaven, the group's last album with all original members. Gone but clearly not forgotten, this collection of late Mercury performances topped the UK Singles Chart.
Mercury and Queen were recognized for their contributions to American music history when they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001.
Songs by Freddie Mercury and Queen
Queen's third albumdirect heart attackfeatured her first hit "Killer Queen", a song about a high-class prostitute. The 1974 single reached number 2 in the UK Singles Chart and number 12 in the US. Unlike most of his other songs, Mercury wrote the lyrics before the music.
Mercury wrote the song "Bohemian Rhapsody", a seven-minute rock operetta for the 1975 album,A night at the opera. Mercury doubled down on his vocals and showcased his four-octave vocal range on this groundbreaking track. The song topped the charts in the UK and became a Top 10 hit in the US.
"We are the champions" and "Let's rock"
O hit de 1978 "We Are the Champions" do álbumworld News, became a Top 10 song in both the US and the UK. He was featured on a single with "We Will Rock You". Both songs took on a life of their own as popular anthems played at sporting events.
'Another bites the dust'
Always exploring new and different sounds, Queen experimented with the big musical trend of the time with "Another One Bites the Dust" from their 1980 album.The game.
"Crazy Little Thing Called Love"
Also in fromThe game, Mercury and the rest of the band showed their range as artists with the rockabilly-influenced 1980s hit "Crazy Little Thing Called Love", which Mercury wrote.
"Under Pressure" with David Bowie
In 1981, Queen collaborated withDavid Bowieto create"Negative pressure."A UK No. 1 hit, the song's distinctive bassline was later used by Vanilla Ice on her 1990 rap hit "Ice, Ice Baby".
READ MORE: Inside David Bowie and Queen's 'Tense' recording session for 'Under Pressure'
'Radio Ga Ga'
Although Queen's popularity began to wane in the mid-1980s, the group had a minor hit in 1984 with "Radio Ga Ga". pop musicianLady GagaHe was inspired by his stage name from the song.
In addition to his work with Queen, Mercury released several solo albums, including 1985.mister bad boy. In 1988 he also worked with the opera singer Montserrat CaballéBarcelona.
Live help performance
One of Queen's most notable appearances was at the 1985 Live Aid benefit concert. Dressed simply in a tank top and jeans, Mercury led the crowd through some of the band's biggest hits with great energy and style. He got thousands of music fans singing "We Will Rock You" at Wembley Stadium in London.
For many who watched the event live or on TV, Queen gave one of the best performances at the one-day event organized by singer and activist Bob Geldof and songwriter Midge Ure to raise money for famine victims in Africa. Inspired by the event, the band composed the hit "One Vision".
Bride Maria Austin
Behind the scenes, Mercuryhas been open about his bisexuality, but kept his relationships private. was involvedmaria austinand had a seven-year relationship with Jim Hutton until his untimely death.
Austin met Mercury in 1969, when she was a 19-year-old music store clerk and he was 24 and on the cusp of stardom. They quickly started dating; Mercury wrote the ballad "Love of My Life" for Austin.
In 1973 he proposed Mercury; The wedding was called off after he revealed to her that he was bisexual. The couple remained close and Austin cared for Mercury following his AIDS diagnosis. Mercury entrusted most of his property and his London mansion, Garden Lodge, to Austin, who later married and had two children.
"All my lovers have asked me why they can't replace Mary, but it's just impossible," said Mercury.in a 1985 interview. "The only friend I have is Mary, and I don't want anyone else. For me, she was my partner. For me it was a marriage. We believe in each other, that's enough for me."
READ MORE: Meet Mary Austin, the woman who stole Freddie Mercury's heart
Novio Jim Hutton
Mercury met Hutton, an Irish hairdresser, at a gay London nightclub in the 1980s. Mercury offered to buy Hutton a drink; Hutton did not recognize the superstar and rejected him.
The couple reunited a year and a half later at another nightclub. This time they started dating and Hutton moved in with Mercury less than a year later. Although Mercury never came out, the couple remained together until Mercury died of AIDS in 1991.
After Mercury's death, Austin allegedly threw Hutton out of Garden Lodge. Hutton later wrote a book about her relationship with the singer.mercury and meHe died of cancer in 2010, aged 60.
READ MORE: The complicated nature of Freddie Mercury's sexuality
Mercury died of AIDS-related bronchial pneumonia on 24 November 1991 at his London mansion. He was 45 years old.
The day before his death, on November 23, 1991, Mercury released a statement: "I would like to confirm that I am HIV positive and have AIDS. I thought it right to keep this information secret until today to protect the privacy of those around me. "However, the time has come for my friends and fans around the world to know the truth and I hope you all join my doctors and everyone around the world in the fight against this terrible disease."
Longtime friend and bandmate Roger Taylor provided insight into Mercury's decision to keep his battle with AIDS a secret. "He didn't want to be seen as an object of pity and curiosity, and he didn't want vultures flying over his head," Taylor said, according to a report published inweekly entertainment. The rock world has mourned the loss of one of its most versatile and compelling performers.
In honor of his memory, the Freddie Mercury Tribute: AIDS Awareness Concert was held at Wembley Stadium in April 1992. A wide range of rock bands from Def Leppard toElton John– made to celebrate Mercury and advance the fight against the disease that took his life. That same year, Mercury's simulated opera masterpiece Bohemian Rhapsody was featured in the film.wayne worldand made a return tooutdoor 100Graphics that illustrate its timeless appeal.
Filme "Bohemian Rhapsody"
Released in 2018, the filmBohemian Rhapsody, main roleSr. Roboter'SRami MalekLike Mercury, follow the rise of Queen with their legendary Live Aid performance in 1985.
After the film's release, Queen's music experienced a resurgence in popularity decades after her last studio album. The group's song "Bohemian Rhapsody" rose from number 87 on Spotify worldwide the day before the film's release to number 15 a week later and peaked at number 1.outdoor 100for the third time.
- Year of birth: 1946
- Date of birth: September 5, 1946
- Place of birth: Zanzibar
- Country of birth: Tanzania
- Known For: Freddie Mercury is best known as one of rock's most versatile and captivating performers and for his mock-opera masterpiece, Bohemian Rhapsody.
- to industry
- One year
- Zodiac sign: Virgo
- Ealing School of Art
- Year of death: 1991
- Todesdatum: November 24, 1991
- City of Death: London, England
- Country of death: United Kingdom
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- Article Title: Freddie Mercury Biography
- Autor: Biography.com Publishers
- Website name: The Biography.com website
- URL: https://www.biography.com/musicians/freddie-mercury
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- Publisher: A&E; television channel
- Last updated: March 29, 2021
- Initial release date: April 3, 2014